Orlando Viols - BOX (OV - BOX) and firewalls ports 4371, 4434, 4435

A digital - stage client had been expierencing issues using the Orlando - Viols - BOX (OV - BOX) behind a firewall in their music academy. After opening port 4371 the OV - BOX connected properly to the server and was capable of transmitting audio as expected. No other ports needed to be opened in the given scenario

@danielzi has been remembering the developer zitan2j talking about opening ports Port 4434 for (first connection) and 4435 for (next connections) too.

BACKGROUND:
Port numbers in computer networking represent communication endpoints. Ports are unsigned 16-bit integers (0-65535) that identify a specific process, or network service. IANA is responsible for internet protocol resources, including the registration of commonly used port numbers for well-known internet services.
Well Known Ports: 0 through 1023.
Registered Ports: 1024 through 49151.
Dynamic/Private : 49152 through 65535.

TCP ports use the Transmission Control Protocol, the most commonly used protocol on the Internet and any TCP/IP network. TCP enables two hosts to establish a connection and exchange streams of data. TCP guarantees delivery of data and that packets will be delivered in the same order in which they were sent. Guaranteed communication/delivery is the key difference between TCP and UDP.

UDP ports use the Datagram Protocol. Like TCP, UDP is used in combination with IP (the Internet Protocol) and facilitates the transmission of datagrams from one computer to applications on another computer, but unlike TCP, UDP is connectionless and does not guarantee reliable communication; it’s up to the application that received the message to process any errors and verify correct delivery. UDP is often used with time-sensitive applications, such as audio/video streaming and realtime gaming, where dropping some packets is preferable to waiting for delayed data.

When troubleshooting unknown open ports, it is useful to find exactly what services/processes are listening to them. This can be accomplished in both Windows command prompt and Linux variants using the „netstat -aon“ command. We also recommend runnig multiple anti-virus/anti-malware scans to rule out the possibility of active malicious software.

Normally it should not be neccesary to open ingoing ports - all data from the audio relay server and the peers is sent as a response to outgoing messages, which should work with normal NAT routers. The zita-njbridge is not communicating directly with the external peers. All data is tunneled through the ovboxclient protocol, which is adding control information out device id etc.
Typically, the firewall need to allow outgoing UDP messages and responses to such messages, as well as outgoing http-requests and their respones (this is allowed by essentially any firewall).
In case of symmetric NAT (e.g., peers in mobile network) it might not be possible to operate in peer-to-peer mode.

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